The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MTBI) is a famous personality assessment test consisting of a psychometric questionnaire that is designed to measure people's psychological preferences and how they think about the world and make their decisions. MBTI was developed in the 1940s, and the preferences it includes are extrapolated from the typological theories given by Carl Gustav Jung, and they are published in his book "Psychological types" in 1921. It was created to assist job placement during World War II and also applied in many other contexts. Using Carl Jung's theological theory, MBTI used to access four aspects of personality. The following are the four aspects of personality.
- Aspect 1: Extraversion (E) - Introversion (I)
- Aspect 2: Sensing (S) - Intuition (I)
- Aspect 3: Thinking (T) - Feeling (F)
- Aspect 4: Judging (J) - Perceiving (P) At the end of the assessment, the individual or tester is provided with a four-letter code that reflects his personality, such as ISFP.
Use of MBTI in counseling
The world is not so simple to understand with only one personality assessment, so that's why there are many opinions on the Myers Briggs Type Indicator, both positive and negative. As an assessment test, the Myers Briggs Type Indicator is avoided and ignored by high standard academics for their internal structure of the questionnaire, but it is accepted in the real world, and people give their feedback that it's a very useful instrument through which a person can know about his strengths and weaknesses in detail and can work to improve them.
It is very useful in counselling, and most therapists now use MBTI to know about their clients. The therapist conducts the personality test as a quick intake form through which the therapist can quickly assess symptoms and issues relevant to therapy, which is sent to each client after registration so he can also know his strengths and weaknesses and be comfortable about what he is going to do. Initially, therapists screen the test and look at the personality type of an individual and then make a particular plan, which therapists give to the client as a schedule of his therapy. It helps the client to get the desired results within the decided time. Most of the therapists are very conscious of their client, and they want to know deeply about the client so they can give him a proper schedule that works and can show results within the desired time limit. Usually, MBTI is performed by the client on his first visit to the therapist because on the basis of this assessment therapist provides them with counselling and therapy.
MBTI is not the only personality assessment test, and indeed it's not a perfect assessment. Sometimes it doesn't even come close to describing a human personality, but it's the most useful personality assessment tool among all others; that's why most therapists use it to know about their clients.
The MBTI Instrument Psychological Scales
The MBTI Instrument Psychological Scales
1.Extraversion (E) - Introversion (I)
This scale concerns our flow of energy in which it is described that humans have two types of personality; extrovert or introvert.
Extroverts are those people who love gathering and are stimulated by events and unknown people. They feel free to talk with other people who they never met first and show their feelings and can work well in groups. Extroverts like to talk and learn by talking to people and feel bored when they are alone.
Introverts are those people who prefer private reflection and avoid gatherings and events. They prefer self-examination and self-discovery and are more likely to hide their feelings. They prefer to work alone rather than work in groups and learn by watching. They enjoy loneliness.
2. Sensing (S) - Intuition (I)
This scale concerns our way of learning how a person can learn quickly. People having sensing personalities use their five senses to interpret and understand the world; hearing, touch, sight, taste, and smell. They talk about reality and like real-life examples and gather facts on practical exercises, but they miss the main idea.
People having intuition personalities prefer to depend on instincts. They work using their imagination, hunches, and feelings. They are better at getting the main idea, but they miss the facts.
3.Thinking (T) - Feeling (F)
This scale of MBTI concerns our way of making decisions. People having a thinking personality prefer to use logic and objective criteria whenever they make decisions. They usually have a question starting from "Why" and love to take part in debates. People having a feeling personality use their values, faiths, and subjective ideas while making a decision. They use a lot of words and love to help others. They also prefer harmony and agreement.
4.Judging (J) - Perceiving (P)
This scale of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator concerns about our way of dealing with the world. People having judging personalities generally have a certain purpose for doing anything. They do their works with rules, plans, organized structure, and according to an organization. In contrast, people having a perceiving personality are relaxed and flexible. They welcome change in their life and love to explore new things from a different point of view.
The above-mentioned scales seem to be dominant on each other from a different perspective, but it doesn't mean that we can relate to the world from that angle. However, it's based on our preference and how much we use that personality. For example, if a person has a feeling personality, it doesn't mean he can't make decisions using data; in contrast, it means the person uses feelings personality to some extent in his life. There is a particular scale within the MBTI profile that assesses the clarity of individual preferences, and this scale is known as the Preference Clarity Index (PCI).